==The historical truth about Saint Roch==
According to the searches of the Belgian historian Pierre Bolle (2001), that represent today the most exhaustive work on ancient lives of the saint, Saint Roch is not properly an historical saint. The work of Bolle by using a rigorous historical methodology, has cleared which of the hagiographies where the most ancient, and which were instead simple reworks and additions. According to Pierre Bolle, Saint Roch is a doublet hagiographic of a more ancient saint, Saint Racho of Autun, lived before year 1000. Invoked against the storms, the figure of Raco would be to the base of the name of our saint (Raco/Roch), and of the patronage of the saint who recovers from the plague, patronage that would have been generated for aphaeresis, i.e. the fall of the first syllable of one the word, from the French name “tempeste” (storm); From “Racho” invoked to protect from “tem-peste”, to “Roch” protecting from “-peste” (plague) the step was short, and supported by the theories of the medieval medicine, that attributed the causes of illness to the corruption of air and to the consequent breaking of the equilibrium inside the human body. The thesis of Bolle has completely revolutionized the studies on the saint, even if in hagiographic field the existence of doublets and homonyms to the base of the creation of new saints is a well known procedure, like in the cases of the saints Vincent of Agen and Alban of Namur.
[[Image:Statue of San Rocco of Scilla, Italy.jpg|thumb|right|300px|En Zint_Rochus_Shtatue en [[Scilla]] en [[Italië]]]]